How to take a screenshot with Selenium?

When web scraping, we might want to collect page screenshots or peek into what our headless browsers are seeing for debugging. With Selenium, to take screenshots save_screenshot() method can be used to capture the whole page or a specific area:

from selenium import webdriver
driver = webdriver.Chrome()

# For whole page
# we can save directly to a given filename
# or retrieve to python objects
screenshot_png_bytes = driver.get_screenshot_as_png()
screenshot_base64_string = driver.get_screenshot_as_base64()

# For specific element:
from import By
element = driver.find_element(By.CSS_SELECTOR, 'p')


⚠ Note that when scraping dynamic pages screenshot can be captured before page is fully loaded. For more see How to wait for page to load in Selenium?

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